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Trois berceuses

Trois berceuses

(Code: A111401095)

Three lullabies, adapted in French and arranged for 3 mixed voices by Pierre Calmelet.
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Three lullabies, adapted in French and arranged for 3 mixed voices by Pierre Calmelet.

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The Mystery of the "Mozart Lullaby"


Bernhard Flies, born in Berlin in 1770, was a physician and amateur composer. In 1796 he composed a lullaby (Wiegenlied): Schlafe, mein Prinzchen, schlaf ein. It was published in 1799, but under the name of Mozart, probably because his name was more of a seller than of an unknown doctor... In 1803, it was finally published under the name of its author, Bernhard Flies, but the doubt remained and crossed the centuries.
Thus, even today, most musicians still rave about the genius of the great Mozart while they are unknowingly interpreting the work of a modest amateur musician!

Brahms' Wiegenlied


The first stanza of this famous Lied is taken from the collection Des Knaben Wunderhorn (The Child's Wonder Horn, published in 1808): a collection of about a thousand German folk songs, the oldest of which date back to the late Middle Ages up to the period of publication (early 19th century). These songs tell the story of landscapes changing with seasons, human feelings or the tragic duality of the German soul, torn between its nostalgia for its homeland and the call of distant countries. Collected from the mouth of the people or in old manuscripts, these treasures of popular poetry accumulated over the centuries have enthused many poets (Goethe, Eichendorff, Heine...) and were a source of inspiration for romantic musicians such as Weber, Schubert, Schumann, Mahler, R. Strauss and, of course, Brahms in this famous lullaby.
The second stanza was written by Georg Scherer in 1849.

Schlaf, Kindlein, schlaf" lullaby


Schlaf, Kindlein, schlaf is a very old lullaby whose origin remains mysterious: the melody is thought to have been composed in 1781 by Johann Friedrich Reichardt after a Swiss folk song. There are many versions of the text: the earliest dates back to 1611, but the best known, like Brahms' lullaby, can be found in the collection Des Knaben Wunderhorn. In almost all versions, some verses include the threat from an animal (wolf, sheepdog or black sheep) that will come and bite the child if he does not want to sleep!

(NB: in this arrangement, the piano interludes have been borrowed from Robert Schumann. Measures 52 to 60 are optional, the piece can be ended on the chord of measure 51)

Content :
  • Wiegenlied (Flies/Mozart) is available as a separate sheet n°1072
  • Wiegenlied (Brahms)
  • Schlaf, Kindlein, schlaf